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System time

The system time of a computer is typically the time and date of the computer's real time clock. Typically this information is not stored in a disk image but must be recovered separately when a computer is acquired.

It is a good idea to determine the system time so that you can state that the times in the file system are aligned with the times of a correct wall clock.

Determine the System Time


The system time of most PCs can be determined by booting into the BIOS and reading the system clock.


The system time of most Intel-based Macintoshes can be determined by booting a USB device equipped with rEFIt. This gives access to an EFI shell. You can now issue the date and time commands. Note that the time will be in GMT and the date will be in mm/dd/yy format.