Identifying file systems
There are many ways to identify a file system inside a partition.
When an operating system attempts to mount a partition, it may use the ID from the partition table.
There are several tools that can identify the partition from the data it contains, including:
In general you should not rely on the partition record for determining the partition type.
Some of the test images created for the Honeynet Challenges have multiple file systems contained in a single partition.